Why the Hype Around Electric Cars Now?

Do you want to know more about electric cars and their impact on the world? 

Technology has reached the automotive industry, which is why it is increasingly common to observe that different brands manufacture vehicles with innovative functions, which make their operation practical and innovative, making life easier for their users.

Now, something that seemed like fiction some 30 years ago today is a reality, and that is that electric cars are a fact. They are found being driven through the different streets and avenues of the world, showing advantages that are really interesting for everyone.

In this article, you will know what an electric vehicle is and how they work, the types of electric cars, as well as all the aspects that you must take into account to understand or buy one of these cars. You will also see the advantages of electric cars, and finally, the best electric cars available today.

What is an electric car?

An electric vehicle is propelled by electricity, which is stored in the battery. It is also driven by one or more motors that are responsible for transforming all electrical energy into kinetic energy, making this a very interesting process.

Contrary to what an internal combustion car can be, electric cars achieve traction through electric motors. In this sense, you can find three types of vehicles: 100% electric, extended range, and plug-in hybrid.

How does an electric car work?

how electric cars work

It is quite an interesting process and it is that these cars work by the impulse generated by one or more electric motors. They use the electrical energy produced and store it in rechargeable batteries. These batteries are recharged by connecting the vehicle to an electrical outlet or to a self-regeneration system, to later transform all this into kinetic energy.

Now, the motor of these vehicles has a conductive element in its interior part, which tends to make movements when it is inside a magnetic field. This causes it to receive electric current, a procedure that creates a reaction, which provides the car with the traction that it necessarily needs to be able to function properly.

Types of electric cars

Electric vehicles are here to stay. They have become a tool with many benefits, such as environmental conservation, and reduced fuel costs, among others. This makes them an option to consider when buying a car.

In this sense, there are three types of electric vehicles, each one with well-defined characteristics. They provide all users with a new form of management in terms of operation.

The types of electric vehicles are:

  • 100% electric vehicles: they do not need a combustion engine to offer driving that protects the ecology and the environment. They only work with electricity. Their operation occurs through electric current from an electricity network originated by a charging point.
  • Extended autonomy electric vehicle: they need a combustion engine so that it can feed the batteries of the electric motor, the combustion is used to charge the batteries, and not to propel the vehicle.
  • Plug-in hybrid vehicle: it is the combination of an electric motor and batteries with a combustion engine. These batteries can be recharged if the car is connected to an electrical supply, obtaining energy. Thanks to the regenerative braking of motor production.
types of electric vehicles

Do You Want to Buy Electric Car?

Having an electric car is synonymous with the fact that you can have many points in your favor in terms of operation and mechanical costs. However, there are other factors that are also essential to take into account if you want to buy an electric car. 

These factors can and should influence the final decision, as well as the choice of the type of vehicle you are going to buy since they are very important and vital elements, which you have to know.

The factors that you should take into account before buying an electric car are the following:

Autonomy and Energy consumption

Electric cars can travel a distance of between 250 and 600 kilometers without recharging, while a mid-range electric vehicle has an approximate capacity of 70 kWh, and consumption of around 20 kWh per 100 km traveled.

However, the autonomy of these cars under normal conditions exceeds 300 kilometers. Although experts always recommend reducing that figure between 20 and 25 km, so that you prevent the battery from suffering any damage. 

On the other hand, it should be taken into account that the energy density of the batteries of this type of car is low. So after 10 years of its useful life, the mileage traveled reaches a reduction of 28% compared to the moment in which it was brand new.

Engine power

The motor is extremely important since it is the one that is in charge of carrying out the transformation to electrical energy. In addition, it generates all the necessary movements so that the batteries can be charged. For this reason, the power of electric cars is expressed as power maximum or load power. All this is in order to measure the speed and other elements that are important for the proper functioning of the engine.

The charging power reveals the speed at which an electric car can be recharged. If the charging power is higher, the shorter time the battery takes in its recharging process. The example is the following: a charging power of less than 50 kW is fairly fast, if it is between 50 kW and 150 kW, the charge is fast, if it exceeds 150 kW, you would be facing an ultra-fast process in your vehicle.

Advantages of electric cars

Electric vehicles are an element that is currently a trend in developed countries, and there are many virtues that owning one of these cars today represents, all this is due to the avant-garde of its operation, and most importantly, their significance to climate change and to the environment. 

This is how the increasing number of users who decide to purchase an electric car can be observed. The European continent is the fundamental axis of this statistic that grows over time.

The advantages of electric vehicles are:

  • Zero emissions of polluting elements of the environment.
  • The number of mechanical breakdowns is less.
  • They need little mechanical maintenance.
  • Little energy consumption.
  • It offers parking facilities.
  • You can easily circulate in cities and use the Bus/VAO barrel.
  • It has a more comfortable ride.
  • The purchase and financing conditions are very good.

Best electric vehicles available today

  • Audi e-Tron
  • BMW i3
  • Citroën C-ZERO
  • DS 3 Crossback E-Tense
  • FIAT 500
  • Jaguar I-SPACE
  • Ford SUV
  • Hyundai Kona Electric
  • Mercedes Benz EQC
  • Honda E
Honda E
Honda E

Closing Thought

A vast majority of electric cars have a lithium-ion battery, making the power supply to the electric motor fully guaranteed. In the same way, they must be plugged into the electricity network, where experts indicate that a charger should be used; a power between 3.6 kW and 22 kW.

Its driving style is smooth since it has a silent battery that prevents it from emitting vibrations. A very important point to highlight is that electric cars do not have an exhaust pipe, which generates a decrease in mechanical expenses and maintenance.

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